NEBOSH OBE IG1 Feb 2021 Solved Question Paper

NEBOSH OBE (Open Book Exam) IG1 Feb 2021 Solved Question Paper को यहाँ नीचे लिख कर बताया गया है के आपको NEBOSH IG1 के OBE February 2021 मे पूछे गए सवाल को कैसे लिखना चाहिए जिससे आपको Idea और Tips & Techniques पता चल सके। मैंने August 2021 और October 2020 में पूछे गए सवालों का जवाब भी दिया है आप उसे भी लिंक पर क्लिक करके पढ़ सकते हैं। और जैसे जैसे आगे भी परीक्षाएं होती रहेंगी वैसे ही आपको परीक्षा के कुछ दिनों के बाद Scenarion Based NEBOSH IGC Solved Question Paper को मैं समय अंतराल पर अपडेट करता रहूँगा। 

NEBOSH OBE (Open Book Exam) IG1 Feb 2021 Solved Paper 

आपको पहले NEBOSH OBE Feb 2021 के सवाल का Scenario को दिखाता हूँ आप उसे अच्छे से पढ़ें और उसके बाद जो उस सवाल मे Task पूछे गए थे उसको एक एक करके नीचे जवाब (Answers) को दिया गया है ताके आपको समझने मे आसानी हो सके। आप चाहें तो NEBOSH Question Paper को यहाँ से लिंक पर क्लिक करके डॉउनलोड भी कर सकते हैं। अब आइए नीचे इसमें पूछे गए सवाल और उसके जवाब को देखते हैं।NEBOSH OBE IG1 Feb 2021 Solved Question Paper:-

NEBOSH OBE IG1 Feb 2021 Solved Question Paper

Scenario

You are a coordinator for a behavioral safety audit (BSA) program at a food manufacturing site. Behavioral safety is just one of a range of approaches that senior managers want to introduce to the site to change the organization and improve health and safety. Successful implementation of the BSA program is one of the occupational health and safety objectives for the whole site. Each BSA involves a trained observer who observes site workers, including contractors, carrying out a task. The observer looks for both safe and unsafe behavior, as well as noting the general workplace conditions at the time. There is a follow-up conversation between the site worker and observer, usually immediately after the observation. In this conversation, observers give praise to site workers on observed safe behavior as well as considered verbal feedback on unsafe behavior. The idea is to encourage safe behavior and, if site workers are behaving unsafely, try to establish why they behave in that way and discuss what can be done to change it.

Your job is to co-ordinate the activities of ten trained observers across the site, one of whom is a young apprentice, and one an expectant mother with a child due in six months. The observers are workers who have volunteered to actively monitor their respective manufacturing departments. They use a checklist of critical behaviors that were identified from studying past accidents and incidents in the organization. The checklist is common to all departments to carry out daily BSAs. As co-ordinator, you collect the completed checklists daily, collate and evaluate data, and conduct weekly feedback meetings with workers in each department. All the associated forms, checklists, and procedures are carefully version-controlled.

You report to a supervisor who is not convinced of the value of the BSA program. This same attitude is also shared by some of the other long-serving middle managers. You know that the introduction of the BSA program will need careful management if it is to be accepted by your supervisor and the other managers. However, you do have the support of at least one member of the site senior management team, nominated as the site behavioral safety Champion. They have already provided resources for you to develop behavioral safety awareness training and ensured all 150 staff attended. Separate financial support was also provided for carrying out observer training for the ten volunteers. This included special communication facilities for an observer with hearing difficulties.

Your supervisor talks to you about an accident that occurred two weeks ago, where a contractor suffered a knee injury. The contractor works for a national contracting maintenance company and was brought on-site to do a specific job. The supervisor thinks the accident is an obvious case of ‘human error’ that is not worth the time to investigate further. Your supervisor hands you the accident report to read and suggests that any reasonable person would come to the same conclusion. Reading the report, you note that the injured contractor was rescued by the site’s emergency response team, taken to hospital, and was off work for a week. Your supervisor thinks that most accidents are unavoidable and that people are to blame because they behave unsafely. You disagree and argue that blaming individuals is a mistake and demoralizes the workforce. It is a core value of the BSA program that the root cause of unsafe behavior is often management failures, and these must be determined so that lessons can be learned. Your supervisor asks you to investigate the accident further, confident that it will prove that it was all down to human error.

When the injured contractor is well enough to return to work, you arrange a meeting and ask some questions. Although the contractor has a lot of experience in contracting work, including involvement in permit-to-work systems at other sites, this was the first time they had worked at this food manufacturing site. You ask how the injury occurred. They reply that while adjusting a piece of equipment alone, they slipped on a working platform, made of scaffolding poles (tubes) and scaffold boards, that were erected by the contractor.

When you ask the contractor how they feel about being injured at work the reply really surprises you. They say: ‘It is accepted as part of our job, unsupervised, we live with the risks and accept the consequences, without complaint’. You respond by explaining that their employer and the food manufacturing site where they are working have a joint responsibility to care for them. The contractor confirms that, before starting the job, they had received specific induction training and job-specific

information from the site supervisor, although that was the last time that they saw them on that day. You also ask about the safety of the work environment and they indicate it appeared to be fine. You visit the accident scene and observe that oil, used by a site maintenance technician to lubricate equipment above the working area, has leaked onto the working platform below and coated the boards.

You discover that the work carried out by the contractor was done under the authority of a permit-to-work (PTW). So, you also decide to investigate how the permit system operated on that day. You ask the contractor about the sequence of events on the day of the accident. They recall that a job instruction was received, then the contractor walked to the site office where PTWs was written and issued. The contractor, trained in the responsibilities of what accepting a permit meant, presented a job description note to the manufacturing site’s PTW issuer and a brief discussion took place. They appeared to be extremely busy, and the contractor overheard them say that they were issuing up to 75 PTWs a day!

The site’s permit issuer talked with the contractor about the exact nature of the job and clarified understanding of the hazards and risks for the proposed task. The task appeared to be a low-risk one to the permit issuer, and because of this and a high workload, they did not physically check the area where the task was due to take place. The self-duplicating PTW forms were duly completed and authorized, including relevant signatures. One copy was retained by the contractor, one copy was put on display at the job site, and one was kept as a record in the site office. The permit was issued to cover the period 09:00 - 17:00 that day. The contractor also told you that the permit issuer talked about associated control measures, including isolation of equipment before starting work and the wearing of head protection while working on equipment.

Your investigation concludes that there were many organizational management failures and only one identified human error. One of your recommendations is to review the original risk assessment for the maintenance of equipment above the working area, at the scene of the accident.

ये भी पढ़ें -  NEBOSH OBE IG1 October 2020 Solved Paper alert-info


ऊपर दिए गए NEBOSH IG1 OBE के Scenario की Story को अच्छे से पढ़ें क्यूनकी लगभग सारे Questions का Answers यही Scenario से कनेक्ट करके लिखना होता है इसलिए आपको जब्तक इसमे दिया गया पॉइंट्स और इससे रेलवन्ट का कनेक्शन पता नहीं चलेगा तबतक आप अच्छे से जवाब नहीं लिख पाएंगे फिर आपको सही से Marks नहीं मिल पाएगा। अब अगर आपने ऊपर दिए गए सिनेरीओ को अच्छे से पढ़ लिया है तो अब नीचे एक एक करके  Task को समझने और उसका Answer को देखें। NEBOSH OBE IG1 Feb 2021 Solved Question Paper:-

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NEBOSH OBE IG1 Feb 2021 Solved Question Paper:-

Task 1:- What are the benefits of using the checklist of critical behaviors during these behavioral safety audits (BSAs)? alert-warning

Answer-   The benefit of using the checklist of critical behaviors during this behavioral safety Audits (BSAs) are as follows.

·    Written record – This is evidence of that audit is performing, using of the checklist is a written record of critical behaviors which are beneficial for conducting weekly feedback meetings 

·    Fast & Easy process – it's an easy and fast process for the observer to record the behaviors of work at manufacturing unit at different departments.

·    Determine all points are covered – While observing the safe & unsafe behaviors of workers using a checklist ensures that all points as per checklist are covered and no any points are missed.

·     Structured & Systematic – it’s structured and systematically based to coordinate with all ten observers to collate and evaluate data of the worker in each department across the site.

·    Easy approach – it is an easy and efficient for the observer to monitors the behaviors to reduce the chances that important area will not be missed.

·     comparison - it provides an efficient method for comparison among checklists of the different departments also will be used during the audit.

·    Save time – Using a checklist saves time to the observers, as they don’t need to think by themselves, topics are covered as per points mentioned in the checklist.

·    Version controlled – Checklist can be updated as per the requirement after collate & evaluate data of the safe & unsafe behaviors of workers.

·    Workers feedback- Safe and unsafe both behaviors are recorded using a checklist, workers behaviors are also being monitor if any unsafe acts are observed then they are approached for the feedback of the workers to prevent it in future.

·    Accountability- Observers feel accountability in using the checklist as it is written record needs to be completed regularly as per the audit requirements.

Task 2:- What employer obligations are likely to have been contravened, leading to the contractor’s accident in this scenario? alert-warning

Answer-  As per the ILO Article 10 of R164 1981 employer obligation likely to have been contravened leading to the contractor worker's knee injury.

·    Provide and maintain safe workplace – employer not provide a safe workplace to workers it was found that during visit accident the scene there is an oil leak onto the scaffolding working platform.

·     Provide adequate supervision of worksite supervisor was not available during the work as the worker said they saw him last time on the day of the training.

·    Eliminate physical & mental fatigue – PTW issuer having high workload they were issuing up to 75 PTW per day because of this did not physically check the area where work was taking place, the worker was adjusting of equipment alone there was no co-worker with him to help to adjust the equipment.

·    Use safe work method – Before issuing the work permit Issuer did not physically check the area where work was due to take place because of the high workload.

·    Organization nature of the activity – contractor the worker was not having experiences in the food manufacturing industry because they work in other industries only 

·    Provide adequate PPE – employer did not check and provide slip resistance shoes to the worker when the permit is being issued only Hard hat is recommended to use as a control measure.   

·    Worker technical knowledge – worker not have technical knowledge about the task to be done as he worked in another site never worked before in food manufacturing industry.

·    Ensure working procedure – employer clearly mention the working shift of 8 hours but not clear the rest time for worker welfare that also the high the exposure of risk due to long working hours or increase the stress level of workers.

·    No First aider First aid facilities – there was an accident happen with contractor worker during working on equipment after the accident rescue by site Emergency Response team and send him to the hospital that shown employer not provide certified first aider & First aid location for Initial treatment in the food manufacturing unit.

Task 3:- You try to inform the supervisor that the root causes of unsafe behavior are usually management failures, Based on the scenario only, what management failures are likely to have contributed to this accident? alert-warning

Answer-  There are lots of management failures are identified during the investigation which caused the worker knee injury. Bellow written points are the root causes of the accident.

Lack of management commitment – During the investigation management is not intrusted to investigate the accident further because they think it is only a human error and not worth the time to investigate further.

Lack of Supervision – Site supervisor was not available and there is no supervision during commencing the task, the worker said he did not see supervisor at the site after the training, he was working alone for the purposed task.

Negative attitude- Supervisor and some of the middle managers in the organization imposing a negative attitude as they are not convinced the value of the BSA program they always blaming the workers and not accepting the management fail

Improper housekeeping – housekeeping is not done after lubricate above the working area which caused leak onto the working platform leading slippery surface

Improper risk assessment – risk assessment was not found adequate for the maintenance of the equipment above the working area it needs to be reviewed with the proper recommendation and controlled measured to identified.

Ignorance of joint site inspection – work area was not physically check before issuing the permit by the permit issuer because of the high workload.

Blaming culture - Supervisor think that most accident unavoidable and people are to blame due to behaving unsafely, it shows the negative the attitude of the employee which can pose a negative impact on the employees working in the food manufacturing site.

Inadequate PPE – employer fails to provide adequate PPE to the worker as per the task and working situation, only head protection is considered while slip resistance shoes also need to be considered as per task.

ये भी पढ़ें -  NEBOSH OBE IG1 August 2020 Solved Paper alert-info


Task 4:- Based on the scenario only, comment on the food manufacturing site’s application of the permit-to-work system. alert-warning

Answer-  My Comment on the food manufacturing site application of the permit to work system (PTW) are as follows-

It was observed that the work carried out was done under the authority of permit to work system that means PTW system is at the place and followed properly.

The Contractors are getting PTW training before accepting any permit and brief job discussions are carried out between PTW Issuer and permit accepter.

The site permit issuer is taking care and talk with the contractor about the exact nature of the job and clarifying the hazard & risk for the proposed task.

Permit to work documentation is properly followed and self-duplicating PTW forms are completed and authorized including all authorized signatures. three copies are there one to be retained to the contractor another copy displaying at the job site and one keeping as the record in the PTW Issuer site office.

Permit is issued to cover the period of 8 hours per shift if the work is not completed during the shift then the permit need to be extended by the contractor.

Permit the issuer also discussing the associated control measures as per the task including isolation of the equipment before starting the work.

PPE is also mentioning in the permit like head protection while working on any specifics equipment and discussing with the permit accepter, also mentioning control measures onto the permit which is accepted by the permit accepter.

Some deficiencies are also fond of the application of the permit to work system is as follows –

Permit issuer facing high workload they were issuing up to 75 PTWs a day due to this many things are missing and ignored like control measure additional and proper PPEs and they were also not getting time to physically check the area of the work.

This is an important part of the permit to work system is to do a physical check of the area with the permit, accepter to identify the associated hazards, working and equipment’s conditions to apply the specific and correct control measure to minimize the existing hazards, which is been ignored in this case.

Task 5:- The site supervisor gave the contractor induction training when they arrived on site. What information should be included in this training? alert-warning

Answer-   Induction training is important for the new worker coming to the site allows the worker to know about the organization hazards and associated information and all  relevant information is known and understood by the contractor below written information need to be included in the induction training –

·    Health & Safety policy of the organization – provide the information about the H&s policy and procedure. 

·    Fire & emergency procedure and equipment’s – need to be included in the training and the location of the emergency equipment need to be explained.

·    Details of hazardous work place – give information about the workplace hazard and risk including the control measures. 

·    First aid facilities – provide the location of the first aid facilities and first aider personal details.

·    Location of well fear facilities - show the locution of well fear facilities to locate easily from the worksite safe.

·    Safe movement of workplace – provide information about how to safe movement around the workplace.

·    Accident & incident reporting procedure – give instruction to report and accident & incident at work site.

·    Worker consultation arrangement – worker consultation need to be arranged by every employer and provide information regarding the consultation arrangement of the worker.

·    General safety rules – all general safety rules need to be provided and instructed such as designated smoking area, No alcohol policy.

·    PPE requirements – all mandatory PPE requirements should be explained including the additional and specific PPE as per according to the area.

·    Introduction to SSOW – permit to work system and another safe system of work procedure need to be provided.

·    Disciplinary procedure – disciplinary action needs to be explained in case of worker violates any company rules and regulation   

Task 6:- Based on the scenario only (a) what are the positive indicators of health and safety culture at the food manufacturing site? (b) what are the negative indicators of health and safety culture at the food manufacturing site? alert-warning

Answer-  6 (a) Positive indicators of the health & safety culture of food manufacturing site areas follows-

Senior the manager introduced a behavioral safety program at the food manufacturing site to improve health & safety culture.

BSA the program set an objective for the whole site for occupational health and safety improvements.

All BSA involved are trained observers who observe the site worker including the contractor carrying out the task at the site.

As per BSA program site workers are getting appreciation from the observer to motivate the workers if safe behaviors are observed,

Senior managers have appointed observer’s coordinator for behaviors safety audit for successful implementation of the BSA program.

Verbal feedback is introducing in case of unsafe behaviors, which shows the two-way communication system if site worker behaving unsafely and discussed what can be done to change it this is to encourage safe behaviors and avoid unsafe practices.

Observers looks for both safe and unsafe behaviors of the workers which shows the positive culture of the organization

Checklist are being used for critical behaviors that were identify from past accidents and incidents in the organization checklist is being filled daily with collating and evaluating data.

Weekly feedback meeting is conducting with workers in each department to listen to the workers' issues and discuss the existing findings of the food manufacturing site.

All the relevant forms checklist documented procedure is being updated and as per control version.

Management provide resources to develop behavior safety awareness training to all staff with separate financial support for special communication facility for hearing difficulties staff.

Emergency the response team is available and active in case of any emergency happens at the site for any rescue purpose.

Contractor induction training and job-specific training is being conducted by the management to improve the hazard awareness of the workers.   

Permit to work is in place and implemented by the employer to the safe execution of the job at a food manufacturing site.

Answer- 6 (b) Negative indicators of the health & the safety culture of food manufacturing site are as follows-

Supervisor having the negative attitude which is associated with accidents as he thinks is unsafe behavior is always a human error and that’s why accidents cannot be investigated further.

The supervisor has not convinced of the value of the BSA program and also some middle managers are thinking the same which shows the negative indicators of the health & safety management system.

After the accident knee injury of the worker supervisor view is that most accidents are unavoidable and workers are to be blamed because they behave unsafely which indicate the blame culture of the organization.

No recorded complaint and reporting system of the contractor when investigated injured worker said he lives with the risk and accept the consequences without complaint which is a negative attitude of the worker.

Permit issuer having heavy workload in issuing the permit which shows the excess work pressure of the employees indicate the negative culture.

Managers introduced the BSAs program to observe the behaviors of the workers but not ready to focus on the management failures issues which is the root cause of the accident, it gives a direct negative impact on the workers' morale which indicates negative influence.

ये भी देखें-   NEBOSH IGC Open Book Exam के Previous Question Paper करें Download alert-info


Task 7:- ISO 45001: 2018 incorporates the Plan, Do, Check, Act stages, Indicate which one of these stages the following arrangements (extracted from the scenario) belong to. alert-warning

Answer- 7(a) Occupational health and safety (OH&S) objectives (for the whole site). Plan – Establish standards (objectives / aims / targets) for introducing BSA Programme improving health and safety by management & based on risk assessment and legal requirements

Answer- 7(b) Hazard identification (hazards identified and understood by the permit issuer and contractor). Do - Implementation when issuing PTW of set plans to achieve objectives and standards systematically.

Answer- 7(c) Competence (permit issued by a competent person). Do – Competent & trained a person issued PTW to complies & Implementation of the safe system of work set plans to achieve objectives and standards systematically.

Answer- 7(d) Resources (providing resources for the OH&S management system). Do – management provide resources for training  of all 150 staff & also special resources for Vulnerable group of workers example, young worker expected mother, hearing  disability worker for training to   Implementation & set plans to achieve objectives and good health & Safety at the workplace and complies  standards in a systematic way.

Answer- 7(e) Emergency response (rescued by the site’s emergency response team). Do Implementation of the active Emergency response team to rescue in any emergency event set plans to achieve objectives and standards systematically.

Answer- 7(f) Active monitoring (BSAs). Check - Time to time monitoring and measuring the progress following planning and implementations.

Answer- 7(g) Managing incidents (incident investigation to identify root causes). Check – Re Active monitoring and proper Investigation to avoided accidents & incidents in the future. 

Answer- 7(h) Internal communication (weekly feedback meetings). Act - collating & evaluating the checklist data from observers communicating with each department worker.

Answer- 7(i) Management review (accidents with serious consequences). Act - Review against the accident & consequences & set objectives and take appropriate needful action for further control for continual improvements

Answer- 7(j) Re-visiting plans and documents (re-visiting the risk assessment). Act generic risk assortment needs to be reviewed as per the current hazardous situation with taking appropriate control measures to make the dynamic risk assortment.

Task 8:- (a) Based on the scenario only, what are the main types of workers you should take into account in your workplace risk assessment? (b) One of the recommendations from your investigation was to review the risk assessment. You decide to analyze the existing control measures for the maintenance task where the contractor was injured. alert-warning

Answer- 8(a) We need to considered special types of workers like vulnerable groups of workers working in food manufacturing site this organization have 3 vulnerable workers who need to be involved in workplace risk assessment   – 8(a)

·         Young worker – A young apprentice in the organization having lack of experiences with mental immaturity as well as poor risk perception required special attention during the risk assessment.

·         Expected mother – pregnant women are also available in the organization, she is at more risk for different types of hazard involved miscarriage, birth issue and ill health to the baby and mother, they need to give special care in the risk assessment specifically.

·         Disable worker (hearing issue) Organisations have one difficulty in hearing disabled observer, he also needs to be considered in the risk assessment as they also include in greater risk from particular hazard like they cannot hear the emergency alarm, vehicle movement sound.

         Lone workers – Working alone is also a vulnerable group of workers who especially associated with a certain type of hazard they also need to be included in the risk assessment

Answer- 8(b) My comment on the organization control measured used as a general hierarchy of control as a framework are as follows –

Task was to do the equipment maintenance at a site it was considered the low risk activity by the operation hence engineering control was applied by proper isolation of the particular equipment and the task was controlled by permit to work system. Elimination and substitution were not practical.

·   Elimination - The task was not being possible to be eliminated by the management if the hazard can be eliminated then the risk by that hazard does not exist it might be done by avoiding the task that creates the risk.

·   Substitution –Process that substitute one hazard with another less hazardous risk which creates less risk but, in this task, this was not possible to substitute the hazard.

·      Engineering control – Engineering control was used by isolating the maintenance equipment, this control was to use the lockout tagout of the equipment and the control panel with the visible reason of the isolation, this prevents the equipment to avoid accidental start-ups and warn others that people are working in this this equipment so this cannot be started. Only an authorized person can remove the isolation after confirming the equipment is ready to operate and ensures no one is working there at the said equipment.

·    Administrative control – Permit to work, system to control the task with adequate precaution before starting the activity, the job description is mentioned with discussing the required control measures with the permit accepter. But there is no physical check of the concerned site visit by the issuer because of their busy schedule, control measures discussed and applied on permit on assumption base, there is no risk identification of the current situation of the area hence fails to provide the correct control measures on the permit 

Supervision is also a part of an administrative control but in this activity, there was no supervision available during the task, the supervisor should be available with the worker at the site, but the worker was alone while activity going on, the worker did not see the supervisor after the training session. 

·  PPE – All of the above control measure can be used but some time residual risk still remains, by this case PPE is necessary to use.

For the task Head protection is recommended by the permit issuer also explained to a worker during the task but not additional PPE was identified as per the working condition and task requirements.

ये भी देखें-   NEBOSH Latest Syllabus Book Free मे यहाँ से करें Download alert-info


Conclusion & Suggestions

ऊपर लिखे गए NEBOSH IG1 OBE Feb 2021 के Solved Question का Answer से आपको समझ आया होगा के ओपन बुक Exam का Answer को कैसे लिखा जाना चाहिए। आपको अपने Syllabus के Books के Knowledge को Scenario के साथ कनेक्ट करते हुए जवाब को लिखना है। अगर आपको August 2020 और October 2020 मे पूछे गए सवाल के जवाब को देखना समझना और पढ़ना है तो आप लिंक पर क्लिक करके देख सकते हैं।  उम्मीद करता हूँ ये आर्टिकल आपके लिए ज्ञानवर्धक होगा आप अपने सुझाव और प्रश्न कमेन्ट करके बता सकते हैं। NEBOSH OBE IG1 Feb 2021 Solved Question Paper


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6 Comments

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  1. Some point u have describe in good way but some points as such la k of mock drill as such first aid , fire fighting , confined space and h2s not describe and not use also unsafe a t and u safe condition word ... special checklist give the full details about a substance and equipment that how to operate this and what are the hz about this and chemical composition how much it is corrosive and dangerous and flamabfla so we add the good points another benefits of it to minimize and control the accident , means life saving of workers , very easy to operate because it gives full details about operation and in increased the safety standard during safety audit


    About ptw questions your explanation not added poinyp the benifben of ptw because it is a legal document or processer to examination of a hazardious area during a work so before starting a job u should need to a cold hot , work at height permit to safe the life of workers as well as equipment and remove all possible hazards....last points that explains the type of workes including risk assessment aslo depends upon nature of work weather physical, chemical and biological work.with connect of that we explain vulnerable workers , adults workers , aged workers gerontology, lone workers , disabled workes weather it is hearing loss or organ loss workers , and accroding to heraircy first we considered elimination of hazards , substitution of hzs , engineer control , administrative control , last wearing ppe good but whenever you explain risk assessment without calculation of risk as such low , medium , high we can't explain it because r=lmultiplication c good. Ut shows ratio as such 123 very high , medium , low .... thanks ikbalhusain72@gmail.com but overall all your answer excellent knowledge 7055693272

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  2. Open book Report of this exam

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  3. any one can help to pass NEBOSH Exame

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